Application of biological organisms through irrigation systems
A few cited references discussing purposeful application of biological organisms through irrigation systems. Some systems are microirrigation systems. Others are listed to make a slightly broader list for this relatively new research topic area.
These references are listed in a PhD dissertation from Washington State University entitled :
Early season application of entomopathogenic nematodes (Nematoda: Steinernematidae, Heterorhabditidae) against two pests of wine and juice grapes (Vitis Vinfera L. and V. Labrusca L. )
by Ludger Gunther Johannes Wennemann.
Becker, J. O., M. Monson, S. D. van Gundy, and M. N. Schroth. 1989. Drip irrigation as a delivery system for infestation of field plots with nematodes. J. Nematol. 21:524-529.
Cabanillas, H. E. and J. R. Raulston. 1996a. Effects of furrow irrigation on the distribution and infectivity of Steinernema riobravis against corn earworm in corn. Fund. Appl. Nematol. 19:273-281.
Cabanillas, H. E. and J. R. Raulston. 1996b. Evaluation of S. riobravis, S. carpocapsae, and irrigation timing for the control of corn earworm, Helicoverpa zea. J. Nematol. 28:75-82.
Curran, J. and V. Patel. 1988. Use of trickle irrigation system to distribute entomopathogenic nematodes (Nematoda: Heterorhabditidae) for the control of weevil pests (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) of strawberries. Aust. J. Exp. Agric. 28:639-645.
Ellsbury, E. E., J. J. Jackson, W. D. Woodson, D. L. Beck, and K. A. Strange. 1996. Efficacy, application distribution, and concentration by stemflow of S. carpocapsae (Rhabditida: Steinernematidae) suspension applied with a lateral-move irrigation system for corn rootworm (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) control in maize. J. Econ. Entomol. 89:74-81.
Heald, C. M. and A. W. Johnson. 1969. Survival and infectivity of nematodes after passing through an overhead sprinkler irrigation system. J. Nematol. 1:290.
Jech, L. F. and T. J. Henneberry.1996. A method of distributing S. riobravis in cotton furrow irrigation and pink bollworm larval mortality response. Proc. Beltwide Cotton Production Research Conference. 707-710
Meredith, J. A., G. C. Smart, Jr., A. J. Overman. 1988. Evaluation of drip irrigation systems for the delivery of Neoaplectana carpocapsae. Annu. Rep. Univ. Florida Mole Cricket Res. 87-88:120-121.
Reed, D. K., G. L. Reed, and C. S. Creighton. 1986. Introduction of entomogenous nematodes into trickle irrigation systems to control striped cucumber beetle (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae). J. Econ. Entomol. 79:1330-1333.
Wright, P. J., J. F. Witkowski, G. Echtenkamp, and R. Georgia. 1993. Efficacy and persistence of S. carpocapsae (Rhabditida: Steinermenatidae) applied through center-pivot irrigation systems against larval corn rootworms (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae). J.Econ. Entomol. 86:1348-1354.